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  1. Cap Reform.eu

    Making the transition from income support to a sustainable agriculture in the CAP

    Making the transition from income support to a sustainable agriculture in the CAP Written by Alan Matthews The CAP in recent decades has been largely an income support policy, particularly since the decoupling of direct payments after 2005. These CAP budget transfers together with national...
  2. Cap Reform.eu

    What is the size of the mitigation potential in EU agriculture by 2030?

    What is the size of the mitigation potential in EU agriculture by 2030? Written by Alan Matthews In my previous post, I discussed the challenges of reducing non-CO2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture and identified some of the strategies that are available or under development to...
  3. Cap Reform.eu

    Mitigating agricultural emissions

    Mitigating agricultural emissions Written by Alan Matthews Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture (almost entirely non-CO2 emissions as defined in IPCC Sector 3) fell slightly in the EU-27 in 2018 but are still above their lowest level in 2012. Net emissions from cropland and grassland...
  4. Cap Reform.eu

    EU agricultural emissions trends in comparative perspective

    EU agricultural emissions trends in comparative perspective Written by Alan Matthews The EU sees itself as a global leader in climate action. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed in 1992. Since then, the EU has had quantitative emissions reduction targets for the...
  5. Cap Reform.eu

    Measuring food system emissions

    Measuring food system emissions Written by Alan Matthews A paper just published in Nature Food by researchers from the EU Joint Research Centre (JRC) and FAO has for the first time provided a consistent database of food system greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally and for every country with...
  6. Cap Reform.eu

    Prospects for progress on the WTO agricultural agenda

    Prospects for progress on the WTO agricultural agenda Written by Alan Matthews The WTO General Council recently decided that the next WTO Ministerial Council meeting would be held in November this year in Geneva, rather than in June in Kazakhstan as had been planned. Although normally WTO...
  7. Cap Reform.eu

    Payments for the environment – new turmoil around an old issue

    Payments for the environment – new turmoil around an old issue Written by Norbert Roeder We are pleased to welcome this guest post by Dr. Norbert Röder of the Thünen Institute Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries. A presentation of the Commission in the Council...
  8. Cap Reform.eu

    Improving governance of the future CAP

    Improving governance of the future CAP Written by Alan Matthews The proposed CAP legislation launched in 2018 made two important innovations in the governance of the CAP. First, it gave much greater flexibility to Member States in the way CAP interventions and CAP rules could be defined in...
  9. Cap Reform.eu

    Farm and non-farm income comparisons

    Farm and non-farm income comparisons Written by Alan Matthews One of the objectives for EU agricultural policy set out in the Treaty of Rome (now the Lisbon Treaty) is to ensure a fair standard of living for the agricultural community, in particular by increasing the individual earnings of...
  10. Cap Reform.eu

    Issues at stake in the trilogues: II Public intervention

    Issues at stake in the trilogues: II Public intervention Written by Alan Matthews This is a second, long-delayed, post on the issues at stake in the trilogue negotiations between the Council, Parliament and Commission on the CAP reform dossier. The first was on relevant definitions, this time...
  11. Cap Reform.eu

    Level playing field provisions in the EU-UK TCA

    Level playing field provisions in the EU-UK TCA Written by Alan Matthews My previous post discussed the general background to the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) and specifically its provisions on tariffs and non-tariff barriers. An innovative part of the Agreement concerns what...
  12. Cap Reform.eu

    The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement

    The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement Written by Alan Matthews Let us be clear at the outset. Brexit was always going to be a lose-lose situation for both the UK and the EU. Having said that, the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) agreed on Christmas Eve between the UK and the EU which...
  13. Cap Reform.eu

    Eco-schemes a work in progress

    Eco-schemes a work in progress Written by Norbert Röder and Alan Matthews This post is written jointly with Dr. Norbert Röder of the Thünen Institute Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries. Eco-schemes (schemes for the environment and climate) are the main...
  14. Cap Reform.eu

    COVID-19 leaves limited traces in preliminary 2020 agricultural accounts

    COVID-19 leaves limited traces in preliminary 2020 agricultural accounts Written by Alan Matthews Eurostat has now published its preliminary estimates for the economic accounts for agriculture in the EU for 2020. This gives us the first authoritative overview of the impact of the COVID-19...
  15. Cap Reform.eu

    Farm consolidation continues

    Farm consolidation continues Written by Alan Matthews How farms are structured in the EU has become the focus of increasing attention as a result of growing political concern over trends in farm consolidation and farmland concentration. This political interest has focused on different elements...
  16. Cap Reform.eu

    The CAP Transitional Regulation and Next Generation EU funds

    The CAP Transitional Regulation and Next Generation EU funds Written by Alan Matthews The European Parliament approved last Tuesday evening the common position on the CAP Transitional Regulation previously agreed with the Council. Once the Council gives its formal approval, it will take effect...
  17. Cap Reform.eu

    The EU’s proposed ‘net 55%’ reduction target for 2030 – a clarification

    The EU’s proposed ‘net 55%’ reduction target for 2030 – a clarification Written by Alan Matthews One of the decisions taken at the European Council summit last week was an agreement that “To meet the objective of a climate-neutral EU by 2050 in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement...
  18. Cap Reform.eu

    EU Farm to Fork Strategy: How reasonable is the turmoil predicted by USDA?

    EU Farm to Fork Strategy: How reasonable is the turmoil predicted by USDA? Written by Yelto Zimmer We are pleased to welcome this guest post by Dr Yelto Zimmer, who is the coordinator of the agri benchmark Cash Crop Network at the Thünen Institute, Germany. Comments can be emailed directly to...
  19. Cap Reform.eu

    Commission’s 2030 Climate Target Plan proposes radical changes in the rules governing agricultural and land GHG emissions

    Commission’s 2030 Climate Target Plan proposes radical changes in the rules governing agricultural and land GHG emissions Written by Alan Matthews In my post in March 2020 on EU climate policy and agriculture, I highlighted the limited expectation among Member States in reporting their...
  20. Cap Reform.eu

    CAP decisions make slow progress towards the green transition: I Definitions

    CAP decisions make slow progress towards the green transition: I Definitions Written by Alan Matthews Last week both the AGRIFISH Council and the European Parliament agreed their negotiating mandates to enter the final stage of the approval process for the framework of the future CAP, thus...
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