Black Sea tensions will influence new crop rapeseed prices

Although latest analysis may seem repetitive, current affairs in Ukraine are very topical and could have the potential lasting impacts to drive your rapeseed price next year.
As mentioned in Monday’s market report, Ukraine and Russia collectively account for 10% of global major oilseed production (rapeseed, soyabeans, sunflower).
In this analysis I want to focus on how the disruption, notably in the Ukraine, will impact oilseed prices going forward. I am going to discuss:
  • Why the Black Sea region is so important for setting oilseed market sentiment.
  • How this could impact Ukraine’s upcoming sowing season, which could impact sunflower seed production.

Why is the Black Sea region important?​

The main oilseed grown in the Black Sea region is sunflowers. Being large processors, Ukraine and Russia on average (2017-2021) collectively account for c.60% of global sun oil production and account for over 76% of global exports.
As Helen discussed last week, Ukraine were yet to export 4Mt of sun oil by 14 February 2022 for this marketing year to fulfil the USDA’s forecast.
For Russia, data shows sun oil exports at over 550Kt from September to December 2021. This is behind previous years. Russian full year (Sep-Aug) sun oil exports forecast is 3.8Mt (USDA). Based on 5-year-averages, over 30% of Russian sun oil is exported between March-May. Therefore, there is still a sizable amount to be exported (© 2022 IHS Markit - Federal Customs Service of Russia).

Ukrainian sunflower seed production focus​

Old crop trade is not the only concern. Attention needs to be made to the 2022/23 crop too. As Ukraine accounts for c.30% of global sunflower seed production (5-year-average), they have great influence over market sentiment. With the Ukraine currently experiencing large disruption this could impact sunflower plantings in the region.
A table showing Ukraine's sunseed crop calendar

Due to an earlier than usual spring, optimal sowing time is 8 to 9 weeks from now (UkrAgroConsult).
Current 2022/23 forecast for sunseed area is 6.7Kha, slightly down from 6.8Kha last year (UkrAgroConsult).
A graph showing Ukraine sunseed planted area

As shown in the map above, much of Ukraine’s production is grown in the central and Eastern parts of the country. The top three productive regions (Kharkivska, Dnipropetrovska and Kirovohradska) account for almost 30% of total production.
With Russia moving from the East, parts of some productive sunflower regions are being occupied by Russian forces.
A map showing Russia presence in Ukraine

This map from the BBC shows areas that Russia currently controls. The invasion of these regions right now, could impact sunflower plantings for 2022 harvest. Aside from that, availability (and cost) of fuel, fertiliser and labour may also have an effect.


There is a lot of what ifs and unknowns currently. However, if Ukraine’s sowing window is compromised it will likely have an impact on global vegetable oil prices.
In turn, an impact on global vegetable oils will inevitably affect rapeseed too. If Ukrainian sunflower plantings are compromised, we could see a bullish market sentiment continue across oilseed markets as a whole, into the 2022/23 marketing year.

Today's Grain Market Daily on our website: Black Sea tensions will influence new crop rapeseed prices

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Man fined £300 for bonfire-related waste offences

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Written by William Kellett from Agriland

A man has pleaded guilty at Newtownards Magistrates’ Court to waste offences relating to a bonfire next to the electrical sub-station on the Circular Road in Newtownards, Co. Down.

Gareth Gill (51) of Abbot’s Walk, Newtownards pleaded guilty to two charges under the Waste and Contaminated Land (Northern Ireland) Order 1997, for which he was fined £150 each and ordered to pay a £15 offender’s levy

On June 25, 2018, PSNI officers went to Gill’s yard, where they found a large amount of waste consisting of scrap wood, pallets, carpet and underlay.

Discussion with Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA) officers confirmed the site...