Daily Mail: Millions are eating halal food without knowing it - WARNING GRAPHIC IMAGES

Discussion in 'Livestock & Forage' started by News, May 8, 2014.

  1. News

    News Staff Member

    In today's Daily Mail and now being reported widely on the radio and daytime TV news

    Millions are eating halal food without knowing it: How big brand shops and restaurants sell ritually slaughtered meat - but don't label it

    • Supermarkets and restaurants sell halal to customers to save money
    • They do it so the meat can be eaten by Muslims and non-Muslims
    • More than 70% of all New Zealand lamb in supermarkets is halal
    • Tesco, Sainsbury's, Morrisons, Waitrose and M&S all sell it
    By SEAN POULTER and GUY ADAMS and MARIO LEDWITH

    PUBLISHED: 22:44, 7 May 2014 | UPDATED: 02:02, 8 May 2014

    Supermarkets and restaurant chains are selling halal meat to millions of customers without telling them.

    The switch to slaughtering animals in line with Islamic ritual saves money because the end product can be eaten by Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

    More than 70 per cent of all New Zealand lamb in supermarkets is from halal abattoirs – a fact not stated on labelling. Tesco, Sainsbury's, Morrisons, Waitrose and Marks & Spencer all confirmed yesterday they sell the imported meat.
    article-2622830-1DA714BE00000578-33_634x974.jpg article-2622830-1DA7176A00000578-136_634x967.jpg

    It also emerged that all chicken served by Pizza Express is halal – something made clear only on the company's website.

    Chains including Domino's, GBK, Nando's, KFC, Ask and Slug & Lettuce use halal meat in some dishes, mainly chicken, and locations.

    When contacted by the Mail yesterday, many of the restaurants were reluctant to discuss the issue. Only Subway and KFC overtly label halal meat products on their menus.


    Other chains directed us towards their websites where information was included but hard to find. Subway has removed ham and bacon from almost 200 fast food outlets and switched to halal alternatives in an attempt to woo Muslim customers.

    In conventional slaughterhouses, cows, sheep and chicken are stunned, usually with an electric shock, to ensure they are unconscious before their throats are cut.

    This minimises suffering but in most Muslim countries halal animals are not stunned.

    This technique has been condemned as cruel by experts on the Farm Animal Welfare Council, the Humane Slaughter Association and the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe. Muslim religious leaders have responded to these concerns by allowing halal animals to be stunned before they are killed.

    article-2622830-0BE50487000005DC-732_634x766.jpg





    Sheep carcases hang on hooks awaiting distribution at a halal slaughterhouse in Birmingham (file picture)

    However 19 per cent of halal sheep are not pre-stunned along with 16 per cent of cattle and 12 per cent of poultry. Jewish religious authorities deny cruelty and refuse to allow pre-stunning for kosher food.

    The British Retail Consortium, which represents supermarkets, claims there is no need to label meat such as New Zealand lamb as halal if it comes from animals that are pre-stunned.

    Andrew Opie, its director of food, said: 'As the overwhelming majority of meat sold in UK supermarkets is own brand and from animals that have been stunned prior to slaughter we do not see the requirement to separately label meat based on the method of slaughter.

    'However, if the Government believes there is a need for more information on meat for those animals that have not been pre-stunned we would be happy to have further discussion in the context of animal welfare.'

    But Peter Stevenson, of Compassion in World Farming, said: 'We don't believe that religious freedom should extend to the point of causing unnecessary suffering.

    'If you are going to have an exemption to normal rules for religious slaughter, then we believe that meat should be labelled when it gets into the wider food chain.'

    The British Veterinary Association and the RSPCA want a new labelling system to spell out whether an animal has been stunned or not.

    They have set up an ePetition on the Government's website in the hope of getting 100,000 signatures to ensure a debate in Parliament.

    article-2622052-1D08F38100000578-443_634x539.jpg
    Graphic: Last month, undercover investigators secretly filmed inside a halal abattoir near Banham, Norfolk, as more than 100 sheep appeared to writhe in agony after being ritually killed

    article-2622052-1D08F3C500000578-24_634x527.jpg




    Shocking: The sheep at the Simply Halal abattoir in Banham were still fighting for their lives, even after having their throats cut, before being strung up

    Both stress their campaigns relate to animal welfare rather than religious beliefs.

    BVA president Robin Hargreaves said: 'We support a good life and a humane death for all animals.

    'We have long believed that slaughter without pre-stunning unnecessarily compromise animal welfare at the time of death. It affects millions of animals every year and action is long overdue.' The RSPCA's David Bowles said: 'We recognise that religious belief and practices should be respected but we also believe that animals should be slaughtered in the most humane way possible.

    'Non-stun slaughter can result in the animals experiencing very significant pain and distress and that is why we feel more needs to be done to end this suffering.'

    Maajid Nawaz, of the Quilliam Foundation – a Muslim think-tank set up to challenge extremism – said: 'All halal meat in the UK should be pre stunned (all chicken already is), halal should not be a secret and no national chain should ban bacon. Muslims can simply not order it.'
    article-2622052-06AA6B5C00000514-768_634x511.jpg



    Slice: Pizza Express has revealed all of the chicken it uses is halal, meaning it is prepared in accordance with Islamic traditions. A file image of the Leggera Pollo ad Astra on its menu is pictured

    Retailers and food chains insist that while they do not label all the halal meat they sell, it does come from animals which have been pre-stunned, which removes the concerns about cruelty.

    The Hospital Caterers Association confirmed that some hospitals – a minority – may use halal meat in their prime dishes without it being labelled. Separately, halal meat from specialist suppliers is used in dishes that are requested by Muslim patients.

    A number of councils and schools across the country have decided to switch to halal for all meat, even if Muslims are in the minority in the classrooms. The policy has triggered protests where parents have discovered the change.

    In March some primary schools in Rotherham banned all pork products from the menu and replaced other meats with halal versions.

    The change was described as a 'minor adjustment' by the council but was condemned by some school parents.

    Dr Shuja Shafi, the deputy secretary-general of the Muslim Council of Britain, has expressed disappointment at the focus on religious slaughter and warned it could be used by the far right as a weapon to attack the Muslim community.

    'Halal is a humane method; it's a clean, clear method and has got rules and regulations about how it's carried out,' he said.

    'People should be more responsible in how they tackle this. It's going to cause confusion and will be used by elements to have a negative effect.'



    A stealthy takeover of Britain's supermarket shelves

    By GUY ADAMS

    Tucked away in the back room of a tatty red-brick building near Birmingham city centre, a beady-eyed chicken is turned upside down and placed in an open-ended metal cone.

    A man approaches, carrying a sharp knife. Sizing up the bird, he mutters a short prayer. Then he gently takes hold of the chicken's head, and expertly slits its throat.

    Blood and the occasional feather fall to the floor. The animal appears to twitch. Roughly a minute later, it's dead, and ready to be plucked, disembowelled, and placed inside a long refrigerated meat counter in the next-door room.

    This process is repeated roughly a thousand times each day at the premises of Taj & Co, a 'slaughter on site' wholesaler of halal meat and poultry, which has its headquarters in the largely Muslim neighbourhood of Handsworth.

    article-2574456-0AC64638000005DC-23_634x422.jpg
    'Permitted': Halal foods are those that Muslims are allowed to eat or drink under Islamic Shari'ah

    Customers come from far and wide to visit the green-and-white-tiled store, where a small television constantly broadcasts rolling footage from no less than six CCTV cameras overlooking the back-room abattoir.

    The TV, they explain, is designed to reassure visitors that their meat has been produced according to the strictest Islamic traditions.

    These rules dictate (among other things) that the animal must be alive and conscious at the moment its throat is cut, and that the slaughterman must be a person of faith who pronounces the name of Allah before wielding his knife.

    'In so many other places, you just cannot be sure what you are getting, but here the screen shows you that they don't differ from what the Koran says,' said 45-year-old housewife Nawaz Udin, who drove to the shop yesterday from her home in Coventry.

    article-2622830-017DE48A000004B0-240_634x422.jpg
    Asda has confirmed it stocks some branded halal and kosher meat

    'My husband is a very devout Muslim, and I like to make sure we can eat truly halal food every day.'

    Taj & Co, established in 1969, is one of 17 abattoirs in the UK which kill animals only in the old-fashioned, scripturally correct way: without pre-stunning with an electric current before slaughter.

    Together, these premises produce about ten per cent of our country's halal meat, killing 600,000 cows, sheep and chickens during the course of a typical week, according to the Food Standards Agency (FSA).

    The remaining 90 per cent is slaughtered via a process which is almost identical – except that the animal is given an electric shock to render it unconscious, but not dead, prior to its throat being cut.

    To ensure that Muslim consumers get their preferred variety of halal meat, a range of certification and labelling systems currently help Mrs Udin and her peers purchase a product that conforms to the exact religious threshold they desire.

    article-2622052-00F4589600000578-282_306x161.jpg

    Meat: A sign for halal, which means 'permitted'

    Controversially, however, a very different state of affairs currently prevails for consumers who happen not to be Muslim and – either for faith-based or for ethical reasons – would prefer to avoid halal produce altogether.

    In recent years, thanks to a variety of commercial factors – which we shall detail later – the number of halal abattoirs in Britain has mushroomed.

    Today, they account for roughly a quarter of the country's 352 slaughterhouses.

    As a result, 51 per cent of the lamb, 31 per cent of chicken, and seven per cent of the beef slaughtered in this country – from a total of 16million animals per week – is now 'religiously killed', according to the FSA.

    That's far more than the Muslim community, which constitutes around five per cent of Britain's population, can possibly consume.

    Yet despite this trend, there is no formal requirement for supermarkets, restaurants and other outlets to tell customers whether the meat they are buying happens to be halal.

    These relaxed labelling rules, overseen by the EU, represent a daily nightmare for consumers who find themselves wanting to avoid such products.

    Take Sikhs, whose faith strictly and specifically forbids them from consuming animals which have been 'ritually slaughtered'. They currently have no way of telling what meat or ready meals they can or cannot consume.

    HOW AND WHY RELIGIONS DEMAND RITUAL SLAUGHTER OF ANIMALS

    HALAL

    Halal slaughtering involves cutting through the large arteries in the neck with one swipe of a blade, while a Muslim butcher recites a religious verse.

    All blood is then drained away since the consumption of blood is forbidden under Islamic law.

    Under Islamic law, an animal must be slaughtered by having its throat cut while it is conscious.

    KOSHER

    According to the laws, in order for a meat to kosher it must come from an animal that means the kosher rules.

    These are the animal must be ruminant and have split hooves. Ruminant animals chew food once and swallow, before regurgitating it and chewing again.

    Animals that Jews can eat include cows, sheep, goats and deer.

    They cannot eat pigs despite the fact it has split hooves because it is not a ruminant animal.

    Before slaughtering, the animal must be healthy and uninjured and a sharp knife is used to slice through the main arteries and windpipe, causing a drop in blood pressure that causes the animal to lose consciousness. Jews believe this is a way of killing that shows 'respect and compassion' as set out in Jewish law

    'There is a proliferation of unlabelled halal meat and derived products into the food chain,' says a spokesman for the Sikh Council.

    'Consumers are being denied the right to make an informed choice based upon their faith or other beliefs concerning meat from ritually slaughtered animals. This cannot be right and an urgent change is required.'

    And then there are conservative Christians, who take particularly unkindly to products endorsed by a rival faith popping up on high-street restaurant menus. This week, for example, it emerged that the Pizza Express chain has quietly begun selling only halal chicken on its pizzas.

    And earlier this month, it was revealed that the fast food chain Subway would be opening a string of 'halal only' stores that would sell turkey bacon instead of pork.

    'I am opposed to the Islamification of food,' says Colin Hart, of the Christian Institute, 'so I don't want to buy halal, but it's become very hard to avoid, even if you try.

    'If Muslims want to eat halal, that's absolutely fine. But it should be clearly labelled. The problem is that, as with so many other things, the sensitivity only runs one way. People are being given the choice to choose halal. But they are not being given the choice to avoid it.'

    As our research shows today, a very substantial number of the country's restaurants, entertainment venues, and supermarkets are now selling some halal products – usually without seeing fit to inform their customers properly.

    So, too, are many schools and hospitals. Indeed, a couple of years ago, the Church of England was informed that its schools may unwittingly be feeding halal meat to pupils.

    'We should be really concerned about this,' said Alison Ruoff, a lay member of the General Synod.

    'There is a lot of fear about upsetting Muslims, but as a Christian you have to stand up for Christian values.'

    Away from religious circles, the halal issue also excites animal welfare activists, who are widely opposed to the 10 per cent of Halal meat which is derived from animals killed without pre-stunning.

    Two months ago, the incoming president of the British Veterinary Association, John Blackwell, called for a total ban on this method of slaughter, saying that it is 'inhumane and causes suffering at the time of death'.

    His position echoed that adopted by such campaigning organisations as the RSPCA and Compassion in World Farming (CWF).

    'As things stand, unstunned meat is getting into the wider food chain,' says CWF. 'And it isn't being labelled as such. We have a real problem with that.'

    At the heart of the problem, he adds, lies the growing industrialisation of the food industry (a trend which, among other things, led to last year's horsemeat scandal).

    With ever-larger abattoirs now exporting meat to wider and wider markets, it has become simpler and more cost effective for many of them to subject all their animals to halal slaughter.

    'What increasingly happens is that at the beginning of each day, abattoirs don't necessarily know what orders will be coming in,' explains a CWF spokesman.

    'So they do all their killing by halal techniques. That way, if a halal order comes in they are covered. If not, they supply halal meat to a normal supplier. It looks and tastes the same, so no one is any the wiser.'

    This trend is laid bare by the fact that more than 75 per cent of New Zealand lamb – much of which is exported to the Middle East – is now killed in a 'pre-stun' halal slaughterhouse.

    Unless it is being sold to a halal wholesaler, or a Muslim country, the method of slaughter for the lamb is not disclosed at the point of sale. As a result, its highly likely that every British supermarket which sells New Zealand lamb is also selling unlabelled halal meat.

    A similar manner of thinking prevails in large restaurant chains. Many choose, for example, to sell only halal chicken – but only advertise the fact on a relatively obscure corner of their website.

    The companies presume, rightly, that observant Muslims will seek out the information (and therefore visit their outlets), while the majority of other consumers will be none the wiser.

    Efforts to create a conspicuous labelling system have meanwhile been blocked by Left-leaning politicians who say it would discriminate against Muslims and Jews (whose shechita method of slaughter bears some similarities to halal).

    In 2011, for example, the European Parliament voted down a bill to label food killed via 'non-stun' methods as halal.

    Months later, the Conservative MP Philip Davies had a similar piece of legislation defeated by three votes in the Commons, thanks to Labour opposition led by Gerald Kaufman, the Jewish MP.

    'My bill said that halal and kosher meat should be labelled at the point of sale,' Mr Davies recalls.

    'In my naivety, I presumed it would be non-controversial, but it was opposed by the PC brigade in the Labour Party.'

    The result has been that halal has continued its quiet takeover of our high streets and our supermarket shelves.

    'As the Prime Minister said a week ago, we are a Christian country,' adds Mr Davies.

    'People expect that the majority of meat in the country will be slaughtered in a traditional way, and that halal will be in a minority for people who want to seek it out.

    'But in many areas, it seems halal has now become the default position.'


    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/art...ghtered-meat-dont-label-it.html#ixzz316JSF8Vm

    Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook
     
  2. JP1

    JP1 Moderator

    Surely the biggest issue in all of this and other issues is the lack of adequate food labelling?

    Same situation with EU pork products produced from production systems long outlawed in the UK still being "processed" in the UK making it "UK" or included as a food ingredient
     
  3. moo-baa

    moo-baa Member

    Location:
    Dorset
    Surely if we don't know it is halal how do all of the muslims.
     
  4. JD-Kid

    JD-Kid Member

    People expect that the majority of meat in the country will be slaughtered in a traditional way, and that halal will be in a minority for people who want to seek it out.

    This trend is laid bare by the fact that more than 75 per cent of New Zealand lamb – much of which is exported to the Middle East – is now killed in a 'pre-stun' halal slaughterhouse.
    dose the writer live in a cave ???
    ummmmm top writeing there full of facts
    NZ and UK both pre stun NZ had to follow the rules out of the UK/EU the EU still being one of the largets markets if i recall right they had to prove that the stunning would be ok under the laws for halal
     
  5. JP1

    JP1 Moderator

    Compassion In World Farming CEO also now publicly stating on social media, it's not Halal per se but the small proportion of non pre-stun slaughter that they want stopped.

    In the last few weeks there have been many social media campaigns backing the British Veterinary Associations call for the end to non-stunning slaughter

    Certainly, accurate labelling is the very minimum that is needed

    Even the RSPCA backs that position
     
  6. JD-Kid

    JD-Kid Member

    i would agree with that

    the labelling think horsegate highlighted that is a prob

    a good question is if pre stunned how many have a prob with it being halal i mean how many call in for a kebarb and with out working part time for NASA i'm guessing it's been halal since day one
     
  7. David.

    David. Member

    Location:
    J11 M40
    Let's not allow Kosher to slip through this big news story unchallenged whilst Halal, which is mostly pre-stun, takes the rap. Seemed that way on the bits I've heard on BBC, so far at least. Probably should not be surprised.
    Where is the producer's representation, which should be offering our perspective that what really matters is pre-stunning, NOT whichever "sides" prayers are offered up first. It is no concern of ours to whom consumers do or do not offer thanks, only that our animals meet a humane end.
    Can something like this not be put on Twitter feeds, etc.
     
  8. JP1

    JP1 Moderator

    CIWF formal position:

    WHAT IS COMPASSION IN WORLD FARMING’S POLICY ON HALAL MEAT AND RELIGIOUS SLAUGHTER?

    Compassion in World Farming believes that all slaughter should be humane, which means that animals must be stunned prior to slaughter using a method that causes immediate unconsciousness or, in the case of gas stunning, does not cause distress during the period before loss of consciousness.

    We understand that in the UK, a substantial proportion of animals slaughtered for Halal meat are stunned before slaughter; however, animals slaughtered for Kosher meat are in general not stunned before slaughter.

    Both EU and UK legislation on the welfare of animals at slaughter allow exemptions for religious communities. Whilst we value religious freedom, we do not believe this should extend to practices which inflict suffering on animals and we will continue to lobby for the removal of these exemptions from EU and UK legislation.Transparency is essential and meat from unstunned animals should be labelled. Compassion campaigns actively for labelling of all meat as to method of production and slaughter.

    We have been working with leading animal welfare academics and the Islamic community regarding the slaughter of animals for Halal meat. Twenty years ago, Compassion in World Farming published ‘Animals in Islam’, which was written by a learned Muslim, Dr Masri, who recommended the stunning of animals before slaughter. An edited version of this publication was published by the Islamic Foundation in Leicester.

    We actively lobby Government and Opposition politicians to remove exemptions and to find acceptable solutions. We also engage actively with Halal certification authorities to promote use of slaughter with stunning which some of them accept.

    We have also worked in Eygpt and Jordan to raise awareness of the suffering animals endure during transportation and slaughter.
     
  9. milkloss

    milkloss Member

    Location:
    East Sussex
    Interesting article in the Daily Mail today about halal meat. Apparently Muslims can eat meat that is Not halal but they have to say a prayer at the point of consumption I.e. on the plate.

    I can't see why the school kids and jail birds etc can't do this. I for one don't want to eat meat that has had a Muslim prayer on it. Don't want to get into it too deep but it disturbs me that the food I eat has in some way been meddled with. Some sort of insidious islamification I suppose.

    It seem that Sikhs must not eat halal meat as it is against their beliefs; although I understand most are vegetarian, perhaps for this reason?

    Kosher meat is worse as the animal must not be stunned, I guess if I go down this route I will be labelled an anti-Semite.
     
  10. llamedos

    llamedos New Member

    Who is going to stop selling their cull ewes then?
     
    kelpiekid likes this.
  11. milkloss

    milkloss Member

    Location:
    East Sussex
    As long as they say a prayer when they eat it and not kill it along with stunning I would be far more comfortable.
     
  12. kelpiekid

    kelpiekid Member

    Location:
    North Wales
    Not having a go, but just curious how many Christian families say grace before a meal these days. Knew quite a few many years ago that would but a older generation. Maybe not too old fashioned to pause and say thanks for the food on your plate and think how it got there. The old families I am thinking of would have been around during the war years and a time of shortage.
     
  13. llamedos

    llamedos New Member

  14. JD-Kid

    JD-Kid Member

    funny thing is there is heaps of food with the halal mark on it not just meats and people have been eating it for years

    now people may say hang on JD yer got bent out of shape over the pork in the subway yes true reson being takeing stuff off the menu or changeing it in a main stream supplyer it would be like the supermarket getting rid of all pork products cos it ofends one group

    must be slow news days mind you the news will heat up you will get the unemployable white trash makeing a fuss about it a rise in hate crimes the indain fella in the corner store will get trashed wife and kids abused etc etc but the kids of some fat sofa sitting string singlet wife basher unmployed plonker who moans about the travelers takeing all the jobs the same willy who sends the wife out to get a curry ,kabarb ,indain , thai, chineese
     

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