To be fair, I don't think @bovine is 'anti-farmer' at all, or trying to 'introduce more red tape'. I suggest you re-read his posts above. Routine, prophylactic ab use is under pressure from governments, and the EU, and the principle is probably right. This will be imposed from above, not by our vets. For instance, did you know that in Holland, even Heptevac P has moved from general use (like here), to POM, and now to vet administered. FFS, how many animals suffer from that restriction of use/cost? The same people are sitting on committees in Europe deciding what to restrict next. For the record, I give every lamb born inside a squirt of Spectam too, like many others. Those born outside don't see it unless they come indoors for any reason.