Working with farmers to design the future of environmental land management

Defra Farming


Working with farmers to design the future of environmental land management

Written by Louise Maguire

Man picking apples in an orchard

We plan to launch a new environmental land management scheme in 2024.

To keep things simple, the scheme is called Environmental Land Management,

Some elements of Environmental Land Management will be available from 2022. A national pilot will start in in 2021.

We are working with farmers and land managers to design the new scheme through a new programme of tests and trials.

We already have 3,000 farmers involved in helping us. Right now, we’re testing different elements of the scheme bit-by-bit in different tests and trials.

We will publish a list of them on this blog in the coming weeks. We’ll conduct a full test of the end-to-end approach in a national pilot from 2021.

What is Environment Land Management

Environmental Land Management replaces the agri-environment schemes currently available under the EU. It will pay farmers and land managers to deliver public goods that deliver benefits for the environment.

For example, this could be supporting the recovery of farmland bird populations or pollinators through greater use of nature friendly farming practices.

The scheme aims to build a new relationship with farmers. We know we need to allow enough flexibility for the scheme to work in all settings. We don’t want to keep telling farmers in huge detail what they can and can’t do, and we want this to work for people on the ground.

Instead, we want to set out the outcomes we want to achieve. We will rely more on farmers knowledge and understanding of their land and locality to determine the best way to deliver those outcomes

Tests and trials: a new approach

We’re taking an iterative approach with these tests and trials, because we think that will help us better understand how different parts of the new Environmental Land Management scheme should work. Many of the ideas we’re testing come directly from farmers themselves.

We’re working with farmers to test their ideas until we have a format that works. As we go along, we learn what works, what doesn’t and how we can improve.

For example, we’ve worked with a group of farmers in Northumberland to design and develop what land management plans could look like.

A land management plan is a new idea we are testing that will help farmers and land managers identify and record what environmental benefits they deliver. So far, most farmers who have tried it have given it an enthusiastic welcome. One called it “an essential tool”.

We have 68 tests and trials up and running with farmers and land managers across England. The tests and trials run for different lengths of time depending on what they cover, with some planned to run alongside the national pilot.

5 are already finished and from these we’ve gained valuable information to help us design the new. Quite soon, we’ll start publishing reports about these tests on GOV.UK.

So far, we've found:

  • farmers and land managers really like the idea of using a land management plan, but they want the freedom to choose what format or template they use. A map and an assessment of the benefits they would deliver are critical components
  • farmers would like to draw on advice to help them develop and monitor the plan
  • farmers would like the opportunity to identify the local priorities for their area but to help them do this, they need access to the right data and information
  • many farmers like the idea of different payment levels depending on what will be delivered. The payment system under the old EU scheme didn’t provide a strong financial incentive for farmers to get involved in the delivery of environmental benefits
  • farmers like innovative approaches such as payment by results, as this gives them more flexibility to deliver environmental benefits on their land

If you would like to find out more, please get in touch with us at [email protected]

Visit GOV.UK for the Agricultural Transition Plan and summary booklet, Farming is Changing.

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Rejuvenating swards: Which option is best?

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Written by Brian McDonnell

Maintaining grass quality during mid-season grazing is important. Farmers can maintain quality by entering ideal grazing covers of 1,300 – 1,500kg DM/ha, and grazing down to a residual of 4cm every rotation.

If you are now in a situation where cows are not cleaning out paddocks as well as they should be, leading to the development of steamy grass within the sward, here are some options.

Common options for rejuvenating swards include:

  1. Take a silage cut, probably into bales, remove the material and start again with the aftermath...