How much wheat is leaving the Black Sea?

UN talks with Russia to resume Ukrainian grain shipments, by lifting blockades on ports, continue to pressure global grain prices. The market sees some glimmer of hope that more Ukrainian grain may be accessible onto the global market.

Yesterday, President Putin said that Russia is ready to facilitate Ukrainian exports of grain in coordination with Turkey, according to Refinitiv.

Though this remains talk and not yet confirmed, it’s something to watch as the week progresses. Issues with export infrastructure also remain a concern, given the bombing and conflict around ports.

Currently grain is leaving Ukraine. In April, reportedly 1.1Mt of wheat, barley, and maize was exported (Refinitiv). According to UkrAgroconsult, from 1 to 25 May, 481.1Kt of grain was exported via rail through 11 land border crossings (out of 13). Over this same period, 144.6Kt is understood to have been exported through ports. This is positive for railway logistics, but arguably a drop in the ocean of ‘normal’ Ukrainian exports.

Russia still exporting high volumes​

Russia remains to be exporting high volumes of grain with competitive pricing. According to SovEcon, April saw an estimated 2.7Mt of grain exports. Though the May estimate stands at 1.5Mt. Demand in recent days is understood to be weaker and with a depleting grain export quota to consider.

The quota for wheat is set at 8.0Mt (from 15 February) and remains until 30 June. 7.9Mt of wheat is estimated to have been exported from Russia between February and June. Whether Russian exports reach the USDA full season forecast of 33.0Mt is under question given these export quota numbers.

Though rumbles of large (2.0Mt) imports of Russian wheat from Pakistan are floating around, reportedly Russia are stealing grain from Ukraine to be exported too. Egypt was reported to turn away a boat from Russia of stolen Ukrainian wheat (according to Refinitiv).

Figure showing Russian exports 2021/22

What could this mean for global prices?​

As we head towards the end of the season, a large percentage of wheat has been exported from Russia. Damage to ports and infrastructure in Ukraine will also prove to be difficult to navigate.

However, signs of positive progress in Ukrainian grain exports via ports will be a significant move for markets. If exports do start up again, we could see prices feel pressure as the market removes some risk factored into high prices.

Expect price volatility to continue as the market assesses the global availability of grains next year, with such finely balanced supply and demand.

Today's Grain Market Daily on the AHDB website - How much wheat is leaving the Black Sea?

For information on price direction make sure to subscribe to Grain Market Daily and Market Report from our team.


reading that report it talks it a positive for grain to be coming out of the black sea being a good thing. how does that support our prices ? who pays these guys?


Arable Farmer
None is leaving... Russia will sink our warships... the black sea is Russia's sea... our NATO navy is woke and useless... the 3rd world will starve... but you dont pee on a bear scratching tree unless your rifle is loaded😄


Arable Farmer
Luckily Frontier can still ship it out for Russia via other routes... but... would you host their vessels on the high seas.. hell no!! Sink or impound them and steal the cargo like any good pirate😆

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HSENI names new farm safety champions

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Written by William Kellett from Agriland

The Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland (HSENI) alongside the Farm Safety Partnership (FSP), has named new farm safety champions and commended the outstanding work on farm safety that has been carried out in the farming community in the last 20 years.

Two of these champions are Malcom Downey, retired principal inspector for the Agri/Food team in HSENI and Harry Sinclair, current chair of the Farm Safety Partnership and former president of the Ulster Farmers’ Union (UFU).

Improving farm safety is the key aim of HSENI’s and the FSP’s work and...